25
February 2021
dairy

The Mehsana buffalo is a dairy breed of buffalo which is found in India, originates in Mehsana, Sabarkanta, and Banaskanta district in Gujarat and adjoining Maharashtra state. The buffaloes are normally classified into rivers and swamp types though both are called Bubalus bublis. The breed is named based on the place of its origin Mehsana district of Gujarat so it is known as “Mahesani” or “Mehsani”.

 It has been used to improve the milk production of dairy buffalo in a country like India. Mehsana buffalo is derived from the crossbreeding between the Surti and the Murrah buffalos. The milk yield is approx 1200-1500 kgs per lactation which is 7-9 liters of milk per day. This milk has a fat content of about 6.5 to 7 percent.

Scientific Classification and Traits

KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassMammalia
OrderArtiodactyla
FamilyBovinae
SubfamilyBovinae
GenusBubalus
SpeciesB.Bubalis
HeightMale:
4.9 foot ca. 142 cmFemale:
4.7 foot ca. 133 cm
WeightMale:
750 kgFemale:
650 kg
UseDairy
Country of originIndia
CoatBlack

Characteristics 

It has a large size of the body. The breed’s forehead is wide with mild depression in the middle sloping towards the base of the horns. It has bayonet shaped horns, curved towards up which bend downwards. The breed is black in skin color with rough and scanty hair. The breed has a deep chest with a wider brisket. A dewlap is about to be absent in males but in comparison to females, they have four quarters which are light while the hindquarters are broad and heavy giving a wedge-shaped look. The horns are shorter and less curved. The tail is of medium size thickness which is long with a black switch or brown/white. Its limbs are lighter than the Murrah but the body is longer. The first Parturition is average 42-48 months (Interval – 10 to 31 months with an average of 16 months). It’s a body that is longer and heavier. The average weight of this buffalo in males is 484 kg and 565 kg in females. Its pollution is 0.4 million. Male calves have not cared properly.

Utility 

About 7.5 percent of farmers reared buffaloes for milk production and 44 percent for both breeding and milk purposes. Farmers who kept Mehsana buffaloes for breeding represented only 1.5 percent of the total surveyed. About 65 percent of the farmers sold Mehsana buffaloes to businessmen, who took the animals to Mumbai and Ahmedabad for milk production. [5]These businessmen send them for slaughtering after completion of lactation. The udder is well developed and well set and in good milking animals, it is carried well behind. Teats are fairly thick, and long with prominent milk veins. Their sockets with folds of skin on upper lids.

Factors affecting Mortality of Mehsana Buffaloes

The investigation was directed on Mehsana Buffalo calf mortality at Livestock Research Station, Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University. Records of 70 calves kicked the bucket during the period 1998–2008 were utilized for the said examination. The passes were more in rainstorm followed by winter and least in summer. The mortality was higher in the male when contrasted with the female calves. The mortality rate lessens with age progression, the most extreme being during the first month of the age. The overwhelming reasons for mortality were Calf Scour (looseness of the bowels), pneumonia and pneumo enteritis

Disease/ConditionNo of Calves DiedProportion(%)
FMD45.71
Gastroenteritis45.71
Hepato enteritis710
Calf Scours-Diarrhoea2535.71
Pneumoenteritis1312.86
Pneumonia918.57
Others811.43
Total70100.00

Treatment of Mehsana buffalo

This breed is treated with Diminazene Aceturate 5 mg/kg body weight intramuscularly along with supportive therapy. The animals become afebrile by 24 hours after this therapy. After treatment for a parasitological examination of blood, smear revealed the absence of Babesiabigeminainfection. Thereafter color of urine becomes normal while the milk production was restored after 40 days.

Management of Mehsana buffalo

The 1097 farmers from 144 villages were contacted and information was recorded and was developed jointly by NBAGR, Karnal and DURA, Mehsana. The survey which was conducted reveals that most men and women spent about 2hrs a day on these buffaloes for work like grazing, chafing, cleaning, feeding and milking.80% of farmers usually clean the breeds udder and teats of buffalo and 18% of farmers clean this breed completely.

Research Institutes 

Buffaloes are more sensitive to high environmental temperatures and particularly to intense solar radiation. Adverse climate change during the summer season has been known to affect the quality of semen. A three-year-old primiparous Mehsana buffalo was presented with hanging prolapsed mass with clung. Out of farmers inspected, 98% was maintaining buffaloes, 1% of other breeds and 1% of Murrah. 515 of farmers adopted artificial intelligence, 9% in natural service and 40% in both. The high use of artificial intelligence with frozen semen and nice conception was due to service provided by DURA, this breed in the breeding tract. It cost 500000 to 130000 rs. Depending on lactation, age, pregnancy, and milk production,the price of the pregnant Mehsana buffalo is more than the dry ones. Microsatellite DNA marker examination was completed on 25 Mehsana wild ox DNA tests utilizing seven markers for the hereditary portrayal of the breed. Several alleles at various loci extended from four to seven and heterozygosity went from 0.40 to 0.92. Bulls with low fertility ability have 20 % less DNA in their spermatozoa as compared to breeds who have high fertility ability.DNA and RNA content of semen may play a very important role in deciding the fertility and friability of the semen for Mehsana buffaloes. The study was conducted from 1st August 2011 to 31st January 2012 for six months was divided into two seasons viz.: Hot & Humid season (August, September, October) and Cold & dry season. (November, December, January) at Livestock Research Station, Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar. Current investigation the general recurrence of disposition score recorded at the hour of draining in Mehsana wild oxen that most extreme (55.56%) bison had mild personality followed by Impact of Temperament on Mehsana Buffalo 2267 anxious (26.74%), forceful (9.25%) and eager bison (8.45%).Among the 30 wild oxen of ranch crowd most extreme bison (53.33%) had tame disposition. The disposition score of Mehsana bison was 1.89 which is more than Murrah wild oxen (1.72) Red Sindhi (1.85).

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